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Thursday, April 21, 2016
The 54% Rally in Steel Prices That Points to China's Rapid Shift
Steel reinforcement bars are about as unglamorous an industrial product as one can get. Their rally in China this week is anything but, with a surge to the highest since 2014 that’s helping to lift iron ore.
Rebar futures jumped for the fourth straight day on Shanghai Futures Exchange, advancing as much as 7.5 percent to 2,787 yuan ($430) a metric ton. The product that’s used to strengthen concrete is 19 percent higher this week, and up 54 percent in 2016. Iron ore futures in Dalian rose to the highest since March 2015 on Thursday after benchmark Metal Bulletin Ltd. prices gained on Wednesday to the highest in 10 months. Producers of steel and iron ore gained.
“You’ve got a tight market, you’ve got momentum, and you’ve got this fundamental driver for steel in the government boosting the infrastructure and housing side of things,” said Chris Weston, chief market strategist at IG Ltd. in Melbourne. “The rebar price is really leading the iron ore price at the moment.”
The rallies in steel and iron ore in 2016 stand in sharp contrast to last year, when slowing economic growth in China hammered prices and too much supply chased too little demand. This year, policy makers in China have talked up growth and added stimulus, presiding over a revival in the property market. Steel demand in China may actually increase as much as 10 percent this year, according to Credit Suisse Group AG.
“Firstly and perhaps of no surprise intuitively (but often overlooked in the market) rising steel and iron ore prices suggest demand is getting better,” Credit Suisse said in a report on global steel markets dated April 20. “The magnitude of the iron ore and steel price hikes suggest that not only is demand improving but expectations should have moved very much into the inflationary camp for steel and iron ore.”
Ore with 62 percent content delivered to Qingdao climbed 3.1 percent to $64.77 a dry ton on Wednesday, according to Metal Bulletin. The price, which is set daily, has rebounded 69 percent since bottoming in December, surprising many banks that had forecast further losses in 2016.
Mills in China, which make about half the world’s supply, have boosted output to an all-time high as property prices in bigger cities jumped and higher steel prices improved margins, reversing a squeeze from last year. Crude-steel production soared to 70.65 million tons in March, according to data last week.
The record output by mills has so far failed to replenish inventories as the government cranks up stimulus. Stockpiles of rebar contracted for a sixth week, declining 6.8 percent in the period to April 15, for the biggest drop since October 2014, according to Shanghai Steelhome Information Technology Co.
Shares of iron ore and steel producers climbed on Thursday. In Sydney, top mining company BHP Billiton Ltd. rallied 3.5 percent to the highest close since November, and Rio Tinto Group added 2.4 percent. Hebei Iron & Steel Co., China’s largest mill, rose as much as 4.3 percent in Shenzhen, while Baoshan Iron & Steel Co., the second-biggest, advanced 3.1 percent in Shanghai.
China’s economy gathered pace in March as a surge in new credit helped the property sector to rebound, with housing values in first-tier cities soaring. The trend has drawn concern from investors including billionaire George Soros, who said on Wednesday the credit-growth figures should be viewed as a warning.